How to Judge Alpacas



It is neatly formed, of medium length and with a square muzzle.  The eyes are oval in shape, alert and set well apart.  The upper lip is divided and mobile.  The ears are of medium length, covered with short soft hair, erect and bayonet-shaped, pointing forward in the alert stance


The body is deep through the girth, with well-sprung ribs.  The back is strong and the top line is slightly convex.  The loins are broad, strong and flat, with the back barrel large and deep.

Reproductive Anatomy

In females the udder should show good capacity, with four working teats. In males the scrotum is well attached, relatively small and carries two even sized testes.


The neck is long and slender and continues directly from the line of the backbone, blending smoothly into the shoulder.


The rump is broad with a slightly convex top line. The tail is straight, covered with quality fibre, set slightly lower than in other livestock and should cover the genitalia.  The thighs are strong and well-muscled.  The height of the pin-bones equals that of the shoulders.


A mature animal measures from approximately 90cm at the wither (Shoulder) and weighs from approximately 60kg upwards.


The chest is broad and deep. The wither is relatively wide where the shoulders meet, well fleshed and set well into the shoulders forming a straight line with the back.


The forelegs are strong and straight.  The hind legs are straight and parallel when viewed from behind.  The pasterns are firm and upright.  The feet are neat and well-formed and bear two forward pointing toes each carrying a long strong toenail.


Alpacas should exhibit an even stride length with two distinct tracks, the hind feet following the front ones.

The above judging criteria and comments have been provided for the purpose of education and do not represent the views, opinions or position of judges, officials or the RA&HS. Any resemblance to actual persons, competitors, or exhibits living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental.

More Judging Information